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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-19

Comparison between effects of two anesthetic techniques on acute stress proteins and d-dimer in patients undergoing lower limb orthopedic surgery


1 Professor of Anaesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Professor of Anaesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypy, Egypt
3 Assistant Professor of Anaesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
4 Assistant Professor of Clinical and Chemical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt
5 Anaesthesiologist at Departement of Anaesthesia, Alexandria University Hospitals, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Atef G Omar
Anaesthesiologist at Departement of Anaesthesia, Alexandria University Hospitals, Alexandria
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2356-9115.184079

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Background Anesthetic techniques may modulate the extent of endocrine–metabolic response to surgery. Attenuation of the endocrine–metabolic response may reduce the frequency of postoperative complications. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of two different anesthetic techniques (combined general anesthesia with epidural blockade vs. combined spinal–epidural blockade) on acute stress proteins including serum albumin, C-reactive protein, leptin, cortisol, and d-dimer in patients undergoing lower limb orthopedic surgery. Materials and methods After approval of the ethics committee of Alexandria Faculty of Medicine and having an informed consent from every patient, the present study was carried out on 40 patients ASA I or II physical status. Group I; 20 patients received combined general anesthesia with epidural blockade and group II; 20 patients received combined spinal–epidural blockade. Epidural analgesia was activated just before wound closure. Results The blood loss was statistically significantly low in group II. The mean values of serum albumin were significantly lower in the group II at 3 and 24 h postoperatively. There were no significant differences between preoperative and 24 h postoperative serum cortisol. Serum cortisol levels were significantly lower in the group II at 3 h postoperatively. There were no significant differences in serum leptin concentrations and preoperative plasma d-dimer. Plasma d-dimer concentrations were significantly higher in the group I at 3 h postoperatively and at 24 h postoperatively. Conclusion Subarachnoid block decreases postoperative pain score and reduces blood loss in comparison with general anesthesia. It reduces the acute stress response and acute stress proteins (albumin, cortisol). It did not reduce C-reactive protein. It reduces plasma d-dimer level after lower-limb orthopedic surgery in comparison with general anesthesia.


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